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花茶中的農藥殘留問題

來源:第一茶葉網kpl竞猜平台  編輯:花顏茶語  時間:2019-11-08

導語:我國茶葉的出口將面臨一個更為開放的國際市場。總體而言入關對我國茶葉的出口是有利的,但也面臨著一個競爭更為激烈的形勢。

kpl竞猜平台JINNIANLAI,CHAXIEZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIUWENTIDUIWOGUOCHAXIEDECHUKOUGOUCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIE,JIUSHIZHEGEWENTIDEYIGEFANYING,WULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIUWENTISHIQIZHONGZUIWEIYANZHONGDECHALEI。BENWENDUIWULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUDEXIANZHUANG、CHENGYINJIDUICEZUOYITAOLUN。 

花茶中的農藥殘留問題

        1 現狀 

kpl竞猜平台  NONGYAOCANLIUSHIDANGQIANCHAXIECHUKOUHENEIXIAOZHONGYUDAODEZUIDADEWEISHENGZHILIANGWENTI。TEBIESHI1995NIANLAIZHENDUIWOGUOJIJIANGRUGUAN,OUMENGXINBANBUDENONGCHANPINZHONGNONGYAODEZUIDACANLIUXIANLIANG(MRL)BIAOZHUNSHANGBIANYOUMINGXIANDE“JISHUBILEI”QINGXIANG,BIAOXIANZAI:(1)JIANYANFANWEIDAFUDUKUODA,RUDUICHAXIEDENONGYAOJIANYANXIANGMUYOU80NIANDAIDE6ZHONGKUODAWEI62ZHONG;(2)MRLBIAOZHUNMINGXIANJIANGDI,YIBANXIAJIANG10~100BEI。ZHEGEXINBIAOZHUNYIYU2000NIAN7YUE1RIQIZHENGSHISHISHI,ZHEDUIWOGUOCHAXIECHUKOUDAILAIYANZHONGWEIXIE。RU1999NIANWOGUOCHAXIECHUKOULIANGWEI19.96WANt,BI1998NIANDE21.74WANtXIAJIANGLE8.2%。QIZHUYAOYUANYINSHINONGYAOCANLIUPIANGAO。ZHEZHONGXIAJIANGQUSHIGUJIHUANHUIZAI2000NIANDECHUKOUEZHONGBIAOXIAN。 

  ZAIBUTONGCHALEIZHONG,YIWULONGCHAHEHUACHANONGYAOCANLIUSHUIPINGZUIGAO,DAZHIYOURUXIAGUILV: 

kpl竞猜平台        1.1 LIULIULIUHEDIDITIWENTIBUDA。JU1999NIAN~2000NIAN7YUEDUICHUKOUCHAYANGDEFENXIJIEGUO,WULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGLIULIULIUCHAOBIAOZHUNLVJIHUMEIYOU,DIDITICHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI15.7%HE2.5%。 

kpl竞猜平台        1.2 QINGWUJUZHI、JIAQINGJUZHIHEYOULEDESHIDANGQIANWOGUOCHUKOUCHAXIECHAOBIAOPAILIEQIANSANWEIDENONGYAO。JUWOSUODUI2000ZHICHAYANGDEFENXIJIEGUO,RUANOUMENGXINBIAOZHUNTONGJI,QINGWUJUZHICHAOBIAOLVZUIGAO,QIZHONGYOUYIWULONGCHAHEHUACHA。QINGWUJUZHIZAILVCHAHEHONGCHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVZAI40%ZUOYOU,HUACHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVWEI77.5%。WULONGCHAWEI84.2%,JIAQINGJUZHIZAILVCHAHEHONGCHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVWEI23~25%,HUACHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVWEI32.5%,WULONGCHAWEI63.2%。YOULEDEZAILVCHAHEHONGCHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVWEI15~18%,ZAIHUACHAZHONGDECHAOBIAOLVWEI28.8%,WULONGCHAWEI50%。 

kpl竞猜平台  JUOUMENG1999NIANFENXIJIEGUO,WULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGDIDITICHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI0%HE30.8%,QINGWUJUZHICHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI75%HE71.2%,JIAQINGJUZHICHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI100%HE44.2%,YOULEDECHAOBIAOLVFENBIEWEI50%HE28.8%,MINGXIANGAOYUHONGCHAHELVCHA。 

kpl竞猜平台       1.3 SANLVSHAMANCHUNDECANLIUWENTIBURONGHUSHI 

kpl竞猜平台  SANLVSHAMANCHUNDECANLIUWENTIZAI1998NIANYIQIAN,JUWOGUOCANLIUCHAOBIAODESHOUWEI。OUMENGDEXINBIAOZHUNZHONGYUANDINGWEI0.1mg/kg,RUGUOYICIBIAOZHUNJISUAN,ZAIWOGUONONGYAOZHONGYINGJUCHAOBIAODEDI2WEI。1997NIANCHAOBIAOLV(AN0.1mg/kgJI)WEI12%,ZUIJINOUMENGXUANBU,2000NIAN7YUE1RIQIBIAOZHUNZANBUZHIXING0.1mg/kg,RENGZHIXING20mg/kg,ZHEYANGCHAOBIAOLVWEI0%。DANZHIDEZHUYIDESHIWOGUOSANLVSHAMANCHUNCHANPINZHONGHANYOU3~10%DEDIDITI,YINCIDIDITIDECHAOBIAOLVMINGXIANJIAOLIULIULIUWEIGAO。SUOYI,SANLVSHAMANCHUNDECANLIURENGRANSHIYIGEQIANZAIDEWEIXIAN。 

kpl竞猜平台        1.4 WOGUOCHAXIEZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUSHISHIJIESHANGCHAXIECHUKOUGUOZHONGCHAOBIAOLVZUIGAODEGUOJIAZHIYI 

  JUOUMENG1999NIANDUISHIJIESHANG32GECHAXIECHUKOUGUOHEDIQUDEFENXIJIEGUO,GENJUCHAXIEZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUSHUIPINGDEGAODI,FENWEISANLEI:DIYILEISHINONGYAOCANLIUSHUIPINGDIDEGUOJIA(BAOKUOFEIZHOUCHANCHAGUO、NANFEICHANCHAGUOHEYAZHOUDEYINDUNIXIYAHESILILANKA;DIERLEISHICANLIUSHUIPINGGAODEGUOJIA(BAOKUOZHONGGUO、ZHONGGUOTAIWANSHENG、RIBENHEYUENAN);DISANLEISHIJUDIYI、ERLEIZHIJIAN(BAOKUOYINDU),ZHEJIUSHIDEWOGUOCHAXIECHUKOUCHUYUFEICHANGBULIDEJINGDI。 

        2 成因 

  WULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGNONGYAOCANLIULAIYUANYULIANGGEFANGMIAN: 

        2.1 直接噴施 

kpl竞猜平台  CHAXIEZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUDEZHIJIELAIYUANSHINONGYAOPENSHIZAICHASHUXIEPIANSHANG。QIZHONGBUFENNONGYAOLIUZAIXIEPIANBIAOMIAN,BUFENNONGYAOJIANJIANSHENRUCHASHUZUZHINEIBU,ZAIRIGUANG、YULU、SHIDU,CHASHUTINEIMEILEIDENGYINSUDEYINGXIANGXIA,ZHUJIANFENJIEHEZHUANBIANCHENGQITAWUDUWUZHI,RUGUOZAIZHEXIENONGYAOHUANMEIYOUWANQUANJIANGJIESHIBIANCAISHOUXIALAI,ZHEZHONGXIANXIEJINGJIAGONGHOUZHICHENGDECHENGCHAZHONGBIANHUIHANYOUNONGYAOCANLIU。 

  HUACHAZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOLAIYUANSHIXUNHUAZHONGDENONGYAOZAIYINZHIGUOCHENGZHONGCONGXIANGHUAZHONGXIANGCHAXIEZHONGZHUANYI。 

       2.2 間接來源 

  CHAXIEZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUDEJIANJIELAIYUANBAOKUORUXIASANGEKENENG,TATONGYANGSHIBUKEHUSHIDECHENGYIN。 

  ①CONGTURANGZHONGXISHOU——ZAIPENYAOGUOCHENGZHONG,YUEYOU80%~90%DENONGYAOHUILIUSHIDAOTURANGZHONG,ZHEXIENONGYAOYIBUFENZAITURANGZHONGXUJI,YIXIENEIXIXINGDENONGYAO(RULEGUO),HUANKETONGGUOGENXIZAIXIQUSHUIFENHEYINGYANGWUZHIDETONGSHI,JIANGNONGYAOSHUSONGDAOYASHAOBU。LIULIULIUSUIBUSHINEIXIXINGNONGYAO,DANYEYOUYIDINGNEIXITEXING,YINCIZAITURANGZHONGXUJIYOULIULIULIUDECHAYUAN,YASHAOZHONGYEHUIYOUWEILIANGDELIULIULIUCANLIU。DIDITIHENICHUCHONGJUZHILEIYINWUNEIXIXING,YINCI,TONGGUOTURANGXISHOURUDEKENENGXINGHENXIAO。 

kpl竞猜平台  ②YOUSHUIXIEDAI——CHASHUPENYAOHEGUANGAIXUYAODALIANGDESHUIPENSHIZAICHASHUSHANG,YINCISHUIZHONGDENONGYAOHUISUIZHUYONGSHUIZHUANYIDAOCHASHUSHANG,YOUQISHIYIXIESHUIZHONGRONGJIEDUJIAOGAODENONGYAO(RULEGUO、MALALIULIN、JIAANLINDENG)BIANYOUKENENGSUIZHUSHUIERZHUANYIDAOCHASHUYASHAOSHANG。LIRUJIAANLINSUIRANZAICHAXIESHENGCHANZHONGJINZHISHIYONG,DANYOUYUDAOTIANZHONGDALIANGSHIYONGZHEZHONGNONGYAO,YINCI,SUIZHUDAOTIANYONGSHUILIURUJIANGHE,BIANYOUKENENGSUIZHUCHAYUANYONGSHUIERZHUANYIDAOCHASHUYASHAOSHANG。ZHEYESHIMUQIANCHAXIEZHONGCHANGFAXIANYOUJIAANLINWEILIANGCANLIUDEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。YINCI,ZAIXUANZEYOUJICHADEYUANLIAOJIDISHIJIUYAOKAOLVZHEZHONGKENENGXING。 

  ③KONGQIPIAOYI——KONGQIPIAOYISHICHASHUYASHAOZHONGNONGYAOCANLIUCHULEZHIJIEPENYAOYIWAIDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN,NONGYAOZAIPENSHIXIEPIANBIAOMIANHUOTURANGBIAOMIANHOUKEYITONGGUOHUIFAJINRUDAQIZHONG,HUOXIFUZAIDAQIZHONGDECHENLISHANG,HUOSHICHENGQITAISUIFENGZHUANYI。ZHEXIEBEIXIFUZAICHENLISHANGHUOZHIJIESUIQILIUZHUANYIDENONGYAOHUIZAIYIDINGJULIWAIZHIJIECHENJIANGHUOYOUYUSHUILINJIANG,GOUCHENGCHAXIEYASHAOZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIU。WOGUOZAIQISHINIANDAIZHONGQIQIZAICHAXIESHENGCHANSHANGYITINGZHISHIYONGLIULIULIUHEDIDITI,DANCHAXIEZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIUSHAOBUNENGXUNSUJIANGDI,JIUSHIYOUYUDAOTIANPENYAOHOUPIAOYIDAOCHASHUYASHAOERZAOCHENGDENONGYAOCANLIU。 

kpl竞猜平台  NEIME,WULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGDECANLIUSHUIPINGWEISHENMEPUBIANGAOYUHONG、LVCHALEINI?CHULENONGYAOSHIYONGSHANGDEWENTIWAI,HUANYINWEI: 

  (1)WULONGCHADECAIZHAIBIAOZHUNHEYIBANHONG、LVCHABUTONG。TASHICAIZHAIYIYASAN、SIXIEDEYASHAOJINXINGJIAGONGDE。YOUYUXIELINGJIAOLAODEXIEPIANZHONGHANYOUJIAOGAODENONGYAOCANLIU,YINCI,WULONGCHAZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIUJIAOGAOYUCAIZHAIJIAONENDEHONG、LVCHA。 

kpl竞猜平台  (2)HUACHASHIYOUCHAXIEHEXIANGHUALIANGZHEZUCHENGDE。CHULECHAXIEZHONGBENSHENHANYOUNONGYAOCANLIUWAI,XIANGHUAZHONGYEHANYOUHENGAODENONGYAOCANLIU。JUDUIXIANGHUADEFENXIJIEGUO,HUAZHONGYEDOUHANYOUQINGWUJUZHI、JIAQINGJUZHI、LVQINGJUZHIHEJIAANLIN、DIDITI、SANLVSHAMANCHUNDENGNONGYAOCANLIU,ERQIECANLIUSHUIPINGHENGAO,SHENZHIGAOYUCHAXIEZHONGDESHUIPING。 

  CIWAI,HUACHASUOYONGDECHAPIDADUOSHIXIA、QIUCHA,ERXIA、QIUCHAZHONGWANGWANGHANYOUJIAOGAODENONGYAOCANLIU。 

        3 對策 

3.1 從源頭上解決茶葉中的衛生質量問題 

kpl竞猜平台  YAOXUNSUJIANGDIWOGUOWULONGCHAHEHUACHAZHONGDENONGYAOCANLIUWENTI,BIXUCONGCHAXIESHENGCHANZHUAQI。QIZHONGZHONGYAODESHIJIAQIANGJISHUXUANCHUAN,PUJICHAYUANANQUANZHILIANGDEZHISHI。 

    (1)CHAYUANBINGCHONGHAIDEFANGZHIYAOGUANCHE“FANGZHONGYUZHI、ZONGHEFANGZHI”DEFANGZHIYUANZE。CAIQUKECHIXUFAZHANDEFANGZHIJISHU,TICHANGTONGGUOGAISHANCHAYUANSHENGTAIHUANJINGJINXINGHAICHONGDESHENGTAIDIAOKONG,JIAQIANGSHENGWUFANGZHIHENONGYEFANGZHIJISHUDEYINGYONG,JIANSHAOHUAXUENONGYAODESHIYONG。 

kpl竞猜平台ZAIHUAXUENONGYAODESHIYONGSHANG,YAOHELIXUANYONGYUCHAYUANDENONGYAOPINZHONG,YAORENZHENGUANCHENONGYEBUZAI1997NIANHE1999NIANFENBIEXIAWENJINZHISANLVSHAMANCHUNHEQINGWUJUZHIZAICHAXIESHENGCHANZHONGYINGYONGDEGUIDING,YAOXIANGJICENGJISHURENYUANHECHANONGJINXINGXUANCHUANZHIDAO。TONGSHIZHENDUIZHUYAOCHAXIEJINKOUGUODECHAXIEZHONGNONGYAOMRLBIAOZHUNDIAOZHENGWOGUOCHAYUANZHONGDENONGYAOCHANGYONGPINZHONG。 

  • ①ZAIJINYONGSANLVSHAMANCHUNHOU,KEYONGKEMANTEHESIMANQINJINXINGTIDAI。 

  • ②ZAIJINYONGQINGWUJUZHIHOU,KEYONGLVQINGJUZHI、XIUQINGJUZHIHELIANBENJUZHIJINXINGTIDAI。 

  • kpl竞猜平台③ZHENDUIDANGQIANOUMENGDUIYOULEDE、SUMANTONGDEMRLZANXINGBIAOZHUNDINGWEI0.02mg/kg,GAILIANGNONGYAOYINGZANTINGYONG,DAIZHENGSHIMRLQUEDINGHOUZAIKAOLVSHIYONG。 

  • ④DALITUIGUANGYINGYONGSHENGWUNONGYAO(RUCHACHIHUOBINGDUZHIJI、CHAMAOCHONGBINGDUZHIJI、HEICIFENSHIZHENJUNZHIJI、SUYUNJINGANJUN、BAIJIANGJUNDENG)HEZHIWUYUANNONGYAO(KUCANJIAN,YUTENGTONG)。 

  • kpl竞猜平台⑤KETUIGUANGYINGYONGMUQIANOUMENGMRLJIAOKUANHUOWEIZHIDINGBIAOZHUN,BINGZHENGMINGYOULIANGHAOFANGZHIXIAOGUODEJIZHONGNONGYAO,RULIUDAN(SAIDAN)、BICHONGLIN(KANGFUDUO、DAGONGCHEN)。 

kpl竞猜平台  (2)ZAIMOLIHUAZHONGZHIZHONGDENONGYAOSHIYONGJISHUYEYAOBURUFAZHIHUAGUIDAO,ZAIMUQIANSHANGWUMOLIHUAZHONGZHIZHONGNONGYAODEDENGJIZHIDUQIAN,YAOYANJINJUDUNONGYAOHEGAOCANLIUNONGYAODEYINGYONG。TONGSHIYEBIXUDUISANLVSHAMANCHUNHEQINGWUJUZHIJINXINGJINYONG。CIWAI,DUIZHUYAOMOLIHUABINGCHONGHAIYAOJINXINGZONGHEZHILI,JINLIANGJIANSHAONONGYAOYONGLIANG,ZAIBIXUYONGNONGYAOSHI,JIANYICAIYONGXIALIENONGYAOJINXINGFANGZHI: 

  MOLIXIEMINGHELEIZIXIEE——KECAIYONG2.4%KUCANQINGJUZHIRUJI1000BEI、HUO10%LVQINGJUZHI、2.5%XIUQINGJUZHI6000-8000BEIYE,PENYAOHOU5TIANFANGKECAISHOU。 

  MOLIYEYUANJIEHESUTIEPIANYUANJIE,KEYONG50%MALALIULIN800BEIYE,PENYAOHOU10TIANFANGKECAISHOU。 

  MOLIHEBANBINGKECAIYONG70%JIAJITUOBUJIN1000BEIYEJINXINGFANGZHI,PENYAOHOUJIANGE10TIANFANGKECAISHOU。 

       

3.2 建立健全茶葉衛生質量保證體系 

  WULONGCHAHEHUACHAWEISHENGZHILIANGBAOZHENGTIXIYINGBAOKUOCHASHUHEMOLIZHONGZHI-CHAXIEJIAGONG-BAOZHUANG-XIAOSHOUDEZHENGGEGUOCHENG。 

  •   (1)CHAXIEHEMOLISHENGCHANGUANLIBUMENYINGJIAQIANGPUJIKEXUEZHONGZHIHEKEXUEJIAGONGYIJIKEXUEXIAOSHOUDEZHISHI,TIGAOCHAXIEHEMOLIJISHURENYUAN、CHANONG、HUANONG、CHACHANGGONGRENDEHUANBAOYISHIHEZHILIANGYISHI。SUIZHUDUICHAXIEWEISHENGZHILIANGYAOQIUDEJINYIBUTIGAO,YAOPUJICHAYUANHEMOLIHUAZHONGZHIZHONGNONGYAOSHIYONGDEXINJISHUHEXINZHISHI,YAOXUANCHUANPUJICHAYUANHEMOLIHUAYUANYOUHAISHENGWUDEZONGHEZHILIJISHU,YAOJIAQIANGDUICHACHANGWEISHENGTIAOJIANDEGUANLIHEZHENGDUN,TIGAOWEISHENGTIAOJIAN。 

  •   (2)NONGYESHENGCHANZILIAOGUANLIBUMENYINGDUICHAHEMOLIHUAZHONGZHIQUNONGYAODEGONGYINGJINXINGYANGEJIANDUHEGUANLI,JINZHIGOUSHOUJINYONGNONGYAO。 

  • kpl竞猜平台  (3)ZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUBUMENYINGJIAQIANGDUICHAXIEDEWEISHENGZHILIANGJINXINGYANGECHOUYANGJIANYAN。DUINONGYAOCANLIUCHAOBIAODEYAOJINZHIXIAOSHOU,BINGZAIHUOJIASHANGCHECHU。DUIWUCANLIUNONGYAODECHAXIEJINXINGRENZHENG,KEYUYITESHUBIAOJI,YITIGAOCHANPINZHILIANGGUANNIAN。 

  • kpl竞猜平台  (4)CHAXIELIUTONGZHUGUANBUMENYAOJIAQIANGDUICHAXIEJINGXIAODANWEIDEJIANDUHEGUANLI。DUIWEISHENGZHILIANGBUHEGEDECHAXIEJINZHIXIAOSHOU,ZAIJINGXIAOQIYEYAOZHUYIGAISHANCHAXIECANGCHUTIAOJIAN,QUEBAOZAIXIAOSHOUGUOCHENGZHONGBUBEIWURAN。 

  •   (5)CHAXIECHUKOUQIYEYINGZHUBUJIANLISHENGCHANJIDI,DUIJIDIDECHAXIEHEMOLIHUASHENGCHAN、JIAGONGSHIXINGKEXUEGUANLI,QUEBAOCHUKOUCHAXIEZAIWEISHENGZHILIANGSHANGFUHEBIAOZHUN。 

       3.3 ZAIBAOKANXUANCHUANSHANGYINGZUNZHONGKEXUE,NEIWAIYOUBIE 

kpl竞猜平台  YAOBENZHUYOULIYUWOGUOCHAYEDEFAZHAN,YOULIYUCHAXIEDECHUKOUMAOYI,YOULIYUXIAOFEIZHEHECHANONGDELIYICHUFA,YAONEIWAIYOUBIE。BUYAOKUADAXUANCHUAN,ZAOCHENGXIAOFEIZHEDEKONGHUANG。LIRUNEIXIAODECHAXIEZHONGMUQIANCHAOBIAODEZHISHAOSHU,JISHIQIZHONGHANYOUSHAOLIANGNONGYAO,DANZAICHATANGZHONGDELIANGSHIFEICHANGDIDE。YAOXUANCHUANFANGXINYINCHA,YINCHAYOUYIDEGUANDIAN。NEIBUZHILIANGJIANYANQUDEDEJIEGUO,KEYITONGGUONEIBUTONGBAOXINGSHIFABIAO,JINLIANGBIMIANZHIJIEZAIBAOKAN、DIANSHISHANGPUGUANG,YIMIANCHUXIANFUMIANXIAOYING,YINGXIANGCHAXIECHUKOU。


YUEDU:

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